Whereas in the past, pathologists were hesitant to diagnose high-grade dysplasia in patients with Barrett esophagus, because this diagnosis prompted esophagectomy, current international consensus is that endoscopic treatment is the management for high-grade dysplasia and intramucosal carcinoma. Furthermore, many centers advocate endoscopic ablation for low-grade dysplasia. As such, establishing a diagnosis of dysplasia has become the key step; separation between the grades of dysplasia is less critical. This article offers some criteria for separating dysplasia from reactive changes, discusses pitfalls in interpreting endoscopic mucosal resection specimens, and outlines management strategies.
- Barrett dysplasia
- Barrett neoplasia
- Endoscopic mucosal resection
- Endoscopic submucosal dissection
- Radiofrequency ablation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine