Diagnoses of neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinosis by immunochemical methods

S. Hosain, W. E. Kaufmann, G. Negrin, P. A. Watkins, A. N. Siakotos, D. N. Palmer, S. Naidu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinoses (NCL), also known as Batten disease, are a not uncommon group of disorders affecting infants, children, and young adults. The abnormal ultrastructural profiles seen in NCL are used for standard diagnosis; however, they can be missed, and are also found in other neurodegenerative conditions. Furthermore, there is an overlap between the types of inclusion profiles among the different forms of NCL. Therefore, a more specific and biochemically-based marker is necessary to confirm the diagnosis of NCL. Antibodies raised against the storage material from the ovine form of NCL (mitochondrial ATP synthase subunit c) were utilized to determine whether NCL could be distinguished from other metabolic- neurodegenerative disorders. By immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry, several brain samples of well-evaluated NCL cases confirmed increased accumulations in all NCL cases except in the brain of an infantile-onset NCL patient. The immunoblot studies of skin fibroblasts and brain were sensitive but not highly specific to NCL, due to the recognition of this material in normal controls as well as in other neurogenetic diseases. Immunocytochemistry of skin fibroblasts clearly distinguished LINCL and JNCL cases from controls, and with further refinement has the potential for becoming a diagnostic tool.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)239-245
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of medical genetics
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

Keywords

  • Batten disease
  • NCL
  • immunochemistry
  • neuronal storage
  • skin fibroblast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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