In patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, intensive therapy to lower blood glucose concentration reduces the incidence and the rate of progression of microvascular complications. Preventive measures are also important for patients with prediabetes (impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose) or with metabolic syndrome. In addition to glycemic control, the use of medications to lower blood pressure and cholesterol also significantly reduces the risk of cardiovascular complications among patients with diabetes. Lifestyle modifications such as weight loss, exercise, and smoking cessation reduce the risk of complications for many patients. Although blood glucose control is clearly important for patients with diabetes, optimal risk reduction also requires consideration of a number of other significant risk factors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Advanced Studies in Medicine|
|Issue number||4 A|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas