Developmental changes in impulse conduction in the canine heart

M. R. Rosen, M. J. Legato, R. M. Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We studied the age-related changes that occur in conduction in Purkinje fiber bundles (PF) from adult and 8-wk-old dogs. As PF are stretched, conduction velocity increases to a maximum when bundle length is ~1.5 times control. Conduction velocity in adult PF was significantly faster than that in 8-wk PF at all bundle lengths, the maximum being 2.32 ± 0.45 m/s (mean ±SD) in adult and 1.56 ± 0.59 m/s in 8-wk-old dogs. At >1.5 times control length, conduction velocity decreased, as did resting potential, action potential amplitude, and upstroke velocity. At 1.5 times control length, the ratio of PF to collagen in the bundles increased, and structural changes consistent with both unbuckling and unfolding of the cell membranes were seen. At greater degrees of stretch, cleft size diminished, and intracellular edema was noted. In sum, structural changes in cardiac PF can explain the changes in conduction velocity that occur with stretch. At all degrees of stretch, however, velocity is faster in PF from adult than from young dogs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume9
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1981
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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