Development of two multiplex mini-sequencing panels of ancestry informative snps for studies in latin americans: An application to populations of the state of minas gerais (brazil)

M. C.F. Silva, L. W. Zuccherato, G. B. Soares-Souza, Z. M. Vieira, L. Cabrera, P. Herrera, J. Balqui, C. Romero, H. Jahuira, R. H. Gilman, M. L. Martins, E. Tarazona-Santos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Admixture occurs when individuals from parental populations that have been isolated for hundreds of generations form a new hybrid population. Currently, interest in measuring biogeographic ancestry has spread from anthropology to forensic sciences, direct-to-consumers personal genomics, and civil rights issues of minorities, and it is critical for genetic epidemiology studies of admixed populations. Markers with highly differentiated frequencies among human populations are informative of ancestry and are called ancestry informative markers (AIMs). For tri-hybrid Latin American populations, ancestry information is required for Africans, Europeans and Native Americans. We developed two multiplex panels of AIMs (for 14 SNPs) to be genotyped by two mini-sequencing reactions, suitable for investigators of medium-small laboratories to estimate admixture of Latin American populations. We tested the performance of these AIMs by comparing results obtained with our 14 AIMs with those obtained using 108 AIMs genotyped in the same individuals, for which DNA samples is available for other investigators. We emphasize that this type of comparison should be made when new admixture/population structure panels are developed. At the population level, our 14 AIMs were useful to estimate European admixture, though they overestimated African admixture and underestimated Native American admixture. Combined with more AIMs, our panel could be used to infer individual admixture. We used our panel to infer the pattern of admixture in two urban populations (Montes Claros and Manhuaçu) of the State of Minas Gerais (southeastern Brazil), obtaining a snapshot of their genetic structure in the context of their demographic history.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2069-2085
Number of pages17
JournalGenetics and Molecular Research
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Admixture
  • Latin american
  • Mini-sequencing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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