Development of Three Web-Based Computerized Versions of the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia Child Psychiatric Diagnostic Interview: Preliminary Validity Data

Lisa Townsend, Kenneth Kobak, Catherine Kearney, Michael Milham, Charissa Andreotti, Jasmine Escalera, Lindsay Alexander, Mary Kay Gill, Boris Birmaher, Raeanne Sylvester, Dawn Rice, Alison Deep, Joan Kaufman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To present initial validity data on three web-based computerized versions of the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (KSADS-COMP). Method: The sample for evaluating the validity of the clinician-administered KSADS-COMP included 511 youths 6–18 years of age who were participants in the Child Mind Institute Healthy Brain Network. The sample for evaluating the parent and youth self-administered versions of the KSADS-COMP included 158 youths 11-17 years of age recruited from three academic institutions. Results: Average administration time for completing the combined parent and youth clinician-administered KSADS-COMP was less time than previously reported for completing the paper-and-pencil K-SADS with only one informant (91.9 ± 50.1 minutes). Average administration times for the youth and parent self-administered KSADS-COMP were 50.9 ± 28.0 minutes and 63.2 ± 38.3 minutes, respectively, and youths and parents rated their experience using the web-based self-administered KSADS-COMP versions very positively. Diagnoses generated with all three KSADS-COMP versions demonstrated good convergent validity against established clinical rating scales and dimensional diagnostic-specific ratings derived from the KSADS-COMP. When parent and youth self-administered KSADS-COMP data were integrated, good to excellent concordance was also achieved between diagnoses derived using the self-administered and clinician-administered KSADS-COMP versions (area under the curve = 0.89–1.00). Conclusion: The three versions of the KSADS-COMP demonstrate promising psychometric properties, while offering efficiency in administration and scoring. The clinician-administered KSADS-COMP shows utility not only for research, but also for implementation in clinical practice, with self-report preinterview ratings that streamline administration. The self-administered KSADS-COMP versions have numerous potential research and clinical applications, including in large-scale epidemiological studies, in schools, in emergency departments, and in telehealth to address the critical shortage of child and adolescent mental health specialists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • child and adolescent psychiatric diagnoses
  • computerized assessment
  • K-SADS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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