Development of the epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor Tarceva™ (OSI-774)

Viktor Grünwald, Manuel Hidalgo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a transmembrane receptor involved in the regulation of a complex array of essential biological processes such as cell proliferation and survival. Dysregulation of EGFR signaling network has been frequently reported in multiple human cancers and has been associated with the processes of tumor development, growth, proliferation, metastasis and angiogenesis. Inhibition of the EGFR was associated with antitumor effects in preclinical models. On the bases of these data, therapeutics targeting the EGFR were explore in clinical trials. Tarceva™ (OSI-774, OSI Pharmaceuticals, Uniondale, NY) is a small molecule selective inhibitor of the EGFR tyrosine kinase (TK). In preclinical studies, Tarceva™ inhibited the phosphorylation of the EGFR in a dose and concentration dependent manner resulting in cell cycle arrest and induction of apoptosis. In in vivo studies, the agent caused tumor growth inhibition and shoved synergistic effects when combined with conventional chemotherapy. Subsequent single agent phase I studies and phase I studies in combination with chemotherapy demonstrated that the agent has a good safety profile and induced tumor growth inhibition in a substantial number of patients with a variety of different solid tumor. Preliminary report from phase II studies confirmed the excellent tolerability of Tarceva™ as well as showed encouraging preliminary activity. Phase III studies have either been completed or are ongoing in several tumor types such as lung cancer and pancreatic cancer. In summary, Tarceva™ is a novel inhibitor of the EGFR TK which has shown promising activity in initial studies and is currently undergoing full development as an anticancer drug.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)235-246
Number of pages12
JournalAdvances in experimental medicine and biology
Volume532
StatePublished - Oct 7 2003

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this