Development of motor coordination in normal children

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The motor co ordination performance of 156 normal, right handed children (age range five to 11 yr) was measured. Tests of foot taps, heel toe alternation, hand pats, arm pronation/supination, fist opening/closing, repetitive index finger to thumb taps and successive taps of each finger to thumb were timed for speed i.e. time taken to perform 20 movements on each test. Tests of balancing on each foot alone and hopping on each foot were also timed. All co ordination tasks were performed more rapidly by older children, but with a relative plateau between age groups over 8 yr as compared with greater differences between age groups within the 5 to 8 yr range. Balancing and hopping was usually achieved on one foot first, followed by symmetrical performance in 80% of children over 8 yr. Although right sided performances were faster, intra individual right/left differences were quite small at all ages and smallest in the oldest children. Girls showed greater right/left differences than boys, but to a significant degree only in the two youngest age groups. The findings are discussed with reference to the concept of lateral preference and motor performance being manifestations of cerebral dominance, as modified by age and sex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)729-741
Number of pages13
JournalDevelopmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Volume16
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1974
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Foot
Age Groups
Thumb
Fingers
Cerebral Dominance
Pronation
Supination
Heel
Toes
Arm
Hand

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Development of motor coordination in normal children. / Denckla, Martha Bridge.

In: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, Vol. 16, No. 6, 1974, p. 729-741.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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