Development of an activities of daily living scale to screen for dementia in an illiterate rural older population in India

Gerda G. Fillenbaum, Vijay Chandra, Mary Ganguli, Rajesh Pandav, Joanne E. Gilby, Eric C. Seaberg, Steven Belle, Carol Baker, Deborah A. Echement, Lalit M. Nath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: to develop a measure of activities of daily living appropriate for use in assessing the presence of dementia in illiterate rural elderly people in India. Design: identification of relevant items, pre-testing of items and refinement of administrative procedures and scoring in four successive groups of 30 subjects each, pilot testing in a group of 100 subjects comparable to those for whom the measure is intended, administration to a representative sample of 387 people aged 55 and older, and assessment of the reliability of the final measure. Setting and subjects: age-stratified random sample of older men and women in rural areas of Ballabgarh, Northern India. Results: the original pool of 35 items covering mobility, instrumental and personal care activities was reduced to an 11-item unidimensional scale (to which an additional item on mobility was added) with internal consistency (Cronbach's α) = 0.82, perfect inter- and intra-rater reliability, test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation) = 0.82 (any disability) and 0.92 (unable to perform for 'mental' reasons). Women, older subjects, the totally illiterate and subjects with poorer cognitive function performed significantly more poorly (P ≤ 0.02 for all). Product: a brief, reliable and valid activities of daily living measure, with norms, which is appropriate for use in assessing dementia in illiterate rural elderly people in India.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-168
Number of pages8
JournalAge and ageing
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Activities of daily living
  • Cognitive
  • Dementia
  • Developing country
  • Elderly
  • Everyday Abilities Scale for India
  • Illiterate
  • India
  • Rural

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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