This study examined the theory and behavior of an HPLC-based chromatographic competitive binding immunoassay with the simultaneous injection of sample and a labeled analyte analogue. Equations based on nonlinear chromatographic theory were derived to describe the calibration curve for this assay in a system with adsorption-limited kinetics and homogeneous binding sites. These equations related the assay response (B/B(o)) to the column's binding capacity, the moles of injected analyte or labeled analogue, and the flow rate/adsorption kinetics of the system. There was good agreement between the predicted theoretical response and experimental data obtained for the binding of human serum albumin (HSA) to an immobilized anti-HSA antibody column. This theory was also successful in describing the changes that occurred in the calibration curve when the flow rate or amount of labeled analogue applied to the column was varied. A comparison was made between the results of this study and previous theoretical work that examined the behavior of a related, sequential injection competitive binding method. On the basis of the results reported in this work, several general guidelines were developed for the design and optimization of simultaneous injection methods for use in such areas as clinical testing, pharmaceutical analysis, and environmental monitoring.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry