Development of a preventive vaccine for Ebola virus infection in primates

Nancy J. Sullivan, Anthony Sanchez, Pierre E. Rollin, Zhi Yong Yang, Gary J. Nabel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Outbreaks of haemorrhagic fever caused by the Ebola virus are associated with high mortality rates that are a distinguishing feature of this human pathogen. The highest lethality is associated with the Zaire subtype, one of four strains identified to date. Its rapid progression allows little opportunity to develop natural immunity, and there is currently no effective anti-viral therapy. Therefore, vaccination offers a promising intervention to prevent infection and limit spread. Here we describe a highly effective vaccine strategy for Ebola virus infection in non-human primates. A combination of DNA immunization and boosting with adenoviral vectors that encode viral proteins generated cellular and humoral immunity in cynomolgus macaques. Challenge with a lethal dose of the highly pathogenic, wild-type, 1976 Mayinga strain of Ebola Zaire virus resulted in uniform infection in controls, who progressed to a moribund state and death in less than one week. In contrast, all vaccinated animals were asymptomatic for more than six months, with no detectable virus after the initial challenge. These findings demonstrate that it is possible to develop a preventive vaccine against Ebola virus infection in primates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)605-609
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume408
Issue number6812
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 30 2000
Externally publishedYes

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    Sullivan, N. J., Sanchez, A., Rollin, P. E., Yang, Z. Y., & Nabel, G. J. (2000). Development of a preventive vaccine for Ebola virus infection in primates. Nature, 408(6812), 605-609. https://doi.org/10.1038/35046108