An inexpensive technology to both lyse Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and detect DNA released from CT within 40 s is demonstrated. In a microwave cavity, energy is highly focused using 100-nm gold films with "bow-tie" structures to lyse CT within 10 s. The ultrafast detection of the released DNA from less than 100 cfu/mL CT is accomplished in an additional 30 s by employing the microwave-accelerated metal-enhanced fluorescence technique. This new "release and detect" platform technology is a highly attractive alternative method for the lysing of bacteria, DNA extraction, and the fast quantification of bacteria and potentially other pathogenic species and cells as well. Our approach is a significant step forward for the development of a point of care test for CT.
- Chlamydia trachomatis (CT)
- microwave-accelerated metal-enhanced fluorescence (MAMEF)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering