Developing the Evidence Base in Pediatric Oncology Nursing Practice for Promoting Health-Related Quality of Life in Pediatric Oncology Patients

Mary Ann Cantrell, Teresa M. Conte, Melissa M. Hudson, Kathy Ruble, Kaye Herth, Aziza Shad, Alyssa Canino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Research has shown that self-esteem and hopefulness are positively related among female childhood cancer survivors (CCS) and contribute to their health-related quality of life (HRQOL). HRQOL remains a significant outcome of treatment for CCS. This study examined the relationships among self-esteem, hopefulness, and HRQOL in young adult female CCS to inform the development of evidence-based practice guidelines for pediatric oncology nursing practice. An online survey was conducted with a sample of young adult female CCS from 58 treatment centers across the United States at 4 time points: at baseline and at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months after initial measurement time. The relationships between self-esteem, hopefulness, and HRQOL were statistically significant (Time 1, P =.05; Times 2, 3, and 4, P =.01) across all measurement times. These findings identify hopefulness and self-esteem as determinants of HRQOL and suggest that caring practices among pediatric oncology nurses that support psychosocial adjustment through promoting self-esteem and hopefulness have the potential to support HRQOL among young adult female CCS. These outcomes support the development of evidence-based practice guidelines to influence HRQOL outcomes among these survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-97
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Keywords

  • adolescents and young adults
  • psychosocial
  • quality of life
  • survivorship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics
  • Oncology(nursing)

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