Developing and piloting an instrument to prioritize the worries of patients with acute myeloid leukemia

John F.P. Bridges, Allison H. Oakes, Crystal A. Reinhart, Ernest Voyard, Bernadette O’Donoghue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a rapidly progressing blood cancer for which new treatments are needed. We sought to promote patient-focused drug development (PFDD) for AML by developing and piloting an instrument to prioritize the worries of patients with AML. Patients and methods: An innovative community-centered approach was used to engage expert and community stakeholders in the development, pretesting, pilot testing, and dissemination of a novel best–worst scaling instrument. Patient worries were identified through individual interviews (n=15) and group calls. The instrument was developed through rigorous pretesting (n=13) and then piloted among patients and caregivers engaged in this study (n=25). Priorities were assessed using best–worst scores (spanning from +1 to −1) representing the relative number of times that items were endorsed as the most and the least worrying. All findings were presented at a PFDD meeting at the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that was attended by > 80 stakeholders. Results: The final instrument included 13 worries spanning issues such as decision making, treatment delivery, physical impacts, and psychosocial effects. Patients and caregivers most prioritized worries about dying from their disease (best minus worst [BW] score=0.73), long-term side effects (BW=0.28), and time in hospital (BW=0.25). Conclusion: Community-centered approaches are valuable in designing and executing PFDD meetings and associated quantitative surveys to document the experience of patients. Expert and community stakeholders welcomed the opportunity to share their experiences with the FDA and strongly endorsed implementing this survey nationally.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)647-655
Number of pages9
JournalPatient Preference and Adherence
StatePublished - Apr 27 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Acute myeloid leukemia
  • Best
  • Community engagement
  • Patient-focused drug development
  • Stated-preference
  • Worst scaling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (miscellaneous)
  • Health Policy


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