Developing a sustainable need-based pediatric acute care training curriculum in Solomon Islands

Daniel Ta Yo Yu, Jason T. Gillon, Raymond Dickson, Karen A. Schneider, Martha W. Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The Johns Hopkins Hospital Pediatric Emergency Department (PED) was invited to collaborate with the National Referral Hospital (NRH), Solomon Islands, to establish an acute care pediatric education program for the country's inaugural class of national medical graduate trainees. Objective: To develop and evaluate a sustainable, need-based post-graduate training curriculum in pediatric acute care, resuscitation, and point-of-care ultrasound. Methods: A need-based training curriculum was developed utilizing the ADDIE model and was implemented and revised over the course of 2 years and two site visits. Implementation followed a train-the-trainer model. The curriculum consisted of high-yield didactics including workshops, simulations, hands-on ultrasound sessions, and lectures at the NRH. A mixed-methods design was used to evaluate the curriculum, including pre/posttesting, qualitative group discussions, and individual surveys. The curriculum was revised in response to ongoing learner evaluations and needs assessments. Continuing educational sessions after the site visit demonstrated sustainability. Results: The curriculum included 19 core topics with 42 teaching sessions during the two site visits. A total of 135 pre/posttests and 366 individual surveys were collected from 46 trainees. Completion rates were 78.2% for surveys and 71.3% for pre/posttests. Pre/posttest scores increased from 44 to 63% during the first site visit and 69.6 to 77.6% during the second. Learners reported a mean 4.81/5 on a standard Likert scale for curriculum satisfaction. Group discussions and surveys highlighted key areas of knowledge growth, important clinical care advances, and identified further needs. Initial sustainability was demonstrated by continued ultrasound sessions led by local graduate trainees. Conclusion: A collaborative team including Johns Hopkins PED staff, Solomon Islands' graduate trainees, and NRH administration initiated a professional education curriculum for the first class of Solomon Islands' medical graduates. Knowledge growth and positive impacts of the program were reflected in learner survey and test scores. Graduate trainees were identified as local champions to continue as course instructors. This innovative curriculum was developed, revised, and initially sustained on site. It has been successful in introducing life-saving pediatric acute care and graduate training in Solomon Islands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number86
JournalFrontiers in Public Health
Volume5
Issue numberAPR
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 24 2017

Keywords

  • ADDIE model
  • Curriculum design
  • Global health medical education
  • Pediatric acute care
  • Solomon Islands
  • Train-the-trainer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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