Determining risk for depression among older people residing in Vietnamese rural settings

Huyen Thi Thanh Vu, Valentina Lin, Thang Pham, Tuan Le Pham, Anh Trung Nguyen, Hung Trong Nguyen, Thanh Xuan Nguyen, Tam Ngoc Nguyen, Huong Thu Thi Nguyen, Thu Thi Hoai Nguyen, Long Hoang Nguyen, Quang Nhat Nguyen, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Tung Hoang Tran, Bach Xuan Tran, Carl A. Latkin, Cyrus S.H. Ho, Roger C.M. Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


(1) Background: Major causes of the burden of disease in older persons include mental disorders and neurological diseases, such as depression. This study aims to explore the prevalence of older people at risk for depression and identify the factors associated with this risk in rural Vietnam. (2) Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Soc Son, Hanoi with 523 community dwelling elders aged 60 and over. Face-to-face interviews were performed to collect data about socioeconomic status, risk for depression, health status, and health utilization. The Geriatric Depression Scale-4 items (GDS-4) was used to assess the risk for depression occurrence. Multivariable logistic regression was employed for determining the factors associated with the risk for depression. (3) Results: Among 523 participants, there were 26.4% of participants at risk for depression. The proportion of females at risk for depression (29.0%) was significantly higher than males (20.4%). Differences were found in economic status (near poor group had higher risk for depression compared to the poor group) (p < 0.01). Older adults living with spouse/partner, living in near-poor household, and suffering pain/discomfort were all more likely to be at risk for depression. (4) Conclusions: Being female, living in a near poor household, being in pain or experiencing discomfort are all factors strongly correlated to high risk for depression. These findings highlight the urgent need for additional research among Vietnamese community-dwelling older people.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2654
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number15
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019


  • Mental health services
  • Older adults
  • Risk for depression
  • Rural
  • Vietnam

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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