Determination of xanthine dehydrogenase mRNA by a reverse transcription- coupled competitive quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay: Regulation in rat endothelial cells by hypoxia and hyperoxia

Joseph J. Lanzillo, Feng Sheng Yu, Joanne Stevens, Paul M. Hassoun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The enzyme system xanthine dehydrogenase (XD):xanthine oxidase, which generates the superoxide anion as a by-product of action on endogenous substrates, is believed to play a role in mediating pathophysiological changes through its contribution to total superoxide production. To aid with analysis of factors that regulate XD, we have developed a reverse transcription (RT)-coupled competitive quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay which enables XD mRNA to be determined from small amounts of cultured cells where constitutive XD levels are low. A homologous insertion mutant of wild-type XD cDNA was prepared and used as an internal standard to normalize intersample PCR efficiency differences. XD mRNA levels determined by RT-PCR also were normalized to tubulin mRNA to compensate for RT differences and loading effects among samples. We report that XD mRNA levels, determined by RT-PCR, were increased twofold in hypoxic (3% oxygen) rat pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells relative to normoxic controls (20% oxygen). Conversely, XD mRNA was decreased threefold within 24 h under hyperoxic (95% oxygen) conditions. These data support the hypothesis that XD is regulated by oxygen tension in the pulmonary vasculature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-380
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume335
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • endothelial cells
  • gene expression
  • hyperoxia
  • hypoxia
  • polymerase chain reaction
  • xanthine dehydrogenase/oxidase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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