Female Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to a single, graded dose of either of two highly effective mammary chemical carcinogens, 7,12-dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA) or /V-methylnitro-sourea, in order to determine the number of mammary cancers per rat induced by a range of carcinogenic doses. These data were then used to separately construct dose-response curves characteristic for DMBA- and N-methylnitrosourea-induced mammary carcinogenesis. Analysis of these characteristic dose-response curves demonstrated that, following a single exposure to either DMBA or N-methylnitrosourea, the number of mammary cancers per rat increased not linearly but as the second power of dose of carcinogen used. These results are clearly incompatible with mammary carcinogenesis being a single step process in the female Sprague-Dawley rat. In direct contrast these results are entirely consistent with a malignant process requiring two transformation events. When female Sprague-Dawley animals are exposed multiple times to a suboptimal dose of DMBA, the number of mammary cancers induced per rat increases syner-gistically, not merely additively, as compared to a single dose exposure. Again this result is consistent only with mammary carcinogenesis requiring at least two transformation events.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Oct 1 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research