The protection provided by carbon-containing organic vapor respirator cartridges depends in part on the packing density of the carbon in the cartridges and its degree of activation. Large variations in these parameters could have significant effects on the service-life of respirator cartridges. Variability among commercially available organic vapor respirator cartridges was examined with regard to the following characteristics: the particle size distribution, amount of carbon and packing density of the carbon in the cartridges and the degree of activation of the carbon. The degree of activation was determined by measuring the maximum adsorption space and the structural constant of the carbon. These two parameters — W0(cm3/g) and k (cal/M)“2— are constants in the Dubinin/Radushkevich (D/R) model from which physical adsorption onto microporous adsorbents, such as activated carbon, are described. - Respirator cartridges from. three different suppliers were examined. Significant variability (11-40%) in the amount and the degree of activation of the carbon occurred between cartridges of different manufacturers, as well as among cartridges of an individual manufacturer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health