Determination of myocardial and serum digoxin concentrations in children by specific and nonspecific assay methods

John G. Wagner, Macdonald Dick, Douglas M. Behrendt, Graham F. Lockwood, Ermelinda Sakmar, Paul Hees

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

After obtaining samples at open heart surgery, serum and right atrial digoxin concentrations were measured in 25 children by a nonspecific, direct radioimmunoassay method (NS) and by a specific method in which digoxin was separated from its metabolites by HPLC before radioimmunoassay was applied to the digoxin fraction (S). Digoxin was detectable by S assay (sensitivity 0.1 ng/g in 16 heart specimens and 22 serum samples. The mean and range of the SINS ratio was 0.74 (0.23 to 2.63) for serum and 0.81 (0.068 to 1.38) for atrial tissue. By NS assay the mean and range of the atriallserum ratio was 78.1 (2.4 to 340, n = 21) and by S assay the corresponding values were 100 (10.7 to 318, n = 15). A multiple linear regression indicated that 72.5% of the variance of the heart digoxin concentrations measured by S assay were accounted,for by the variables height, body weight, daily digoxin dose before operation, plasma digoxin concentration by S assay, and BUN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)577-584
Number of pages8
JournalClinical pharmacology and therapeutics
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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