Determination of injury mechanisms

Dennis F. Shanahan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This chapter discusses the methods used by investigators to determine injury mechanisms in vehicular crashes. Determination of injury mechanisms is a process that requires complete injury identification through the review of medical records and imaging studies (The Person) and the correlation of identified injuries or groups of injuries with information related to the crash (The Crash) and to the vehicle or vehicles involved (The Vehicle). Preliminarily determined injury mechanisms may be corroborated by published injury studies or by testing, when required. Topics related to the person include classification of traumatic injuries, identification of injuries, determination of injury severity, determination of occupant kinematics, and relationship of the crash to human tolerance to acceleration and blunt force impact. Data related to the crash includes a complete description of the crash dynamics, the scene, and various derived crash parameters such as change in velocity, principal direction of force, and crash pulse. Inspection of the vehicle identifies areas of impact, deformation of structure into the “survival space,” identification of occupant contacts, the presence and distribution of body fluids and tissues, and the condition of internal vehicle items such as the controls, seats, and restraint systems including air bags and pretensioners.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInjury Research: Theories, Methods, and Approaches
PublisherSpringer US
Pages111-138
Number of pages28
ISBN (Print)9781461415992, 9781461415985
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Wounds and Injuries
Air Bags
Body Fluids
Diagnostic Imaging
Biomechanical Phenomena
Medical Records
Pulse
Research Personnel
Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Shanahan, D. F. (2012). Determination of injury mechanisms. In Injury Research: Theories, Methods, and Approaches (pp. 111-138). Springer US. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-1599-2_6

Determination of injury mechanisms. / Shanahan, Dennis F.

Injury Research: Theories, Methods, and Approaches. Springer US, 2012. p. 111-138.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Shanahan, DF 2012, Determination of injury mechanisms. in Injury Research: Theories, Methods, and Approaches. Springer US, pp. 111-138. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-1599-2_6
Shanahan DF. Determination of injury mechanisms. In Injury Research: Theories, Methods, and Approaches. Springer US. 2012. p. 111-138 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-1599-2_6
Shanahan, Dennis F. / Determination of injury mechanisms. Injury Research: Theories, Methods, and Approaches. Springer US, 2012. pp. 111-138
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