Determinants of the peptide-induced conformational change in the human class II major histocompatibility complex protein HLA-DR1

Aaron K. Sato, Jennifer A. Zarutskie, Mia M. Rushe, Aleksey Lomakin, Sateesh K. Natarajan, Scheherazade Sadegh-Nasseri, George B. Benedek, Lawrence J. Stern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The human class II major histocompatibility complex protein HLA-DR1 has been shown previously to undergo a distinct conformational change from an open to a compact form upon binding peptide. To investigate the role of peptide in triggering the conformational change, the minimal requirements for inducing the compact conformation were determined. Peptides as short as two and four residues, which occupy only a small fraction of the peptide-binding cleft, were able to induce the conformational change. A mutant HLA-DR1 protein with a substitution in the β subunit designed to fill the P1 pocket from within the protein (Gly86 to Tyr) adopted to a large extent the compact, peptide-bound conformation. Interactions important in stabilizing the compact conformation are shown to be distinct from those responsible for high affinity binding or for stabilization of the complex against thermal denaturation. The results suggest that occupancy of the P1 pocket is responsible for partial conversion to the compact form but that both side chain and main chain interactions contribute to the full conformational change. The implications of the conformational change to intracellular antigen loading and presentation are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2165-2173
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume275
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 21 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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