Determinants of knee replacement in subjects with a history of arthroscopy: data from the osteoarthritis initiative

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Abstract

Objective: To investigate the risk and determinants of knee replacement (KR) in subjects with or at risk of osteoarthritis (OA) and a history of arthroscopy. Methods: Data from the osteoarthritis initiative cohort were analyzed (n = 4796, up to the seventh year of follow-up). Cox proportional hazard analysis was used to determine the risk of KR according to the history of arthroscopy. A multivariable model was used to determine the risk factors for KR among subjects with a history of arthroscopy (n = 842), including age, gender, body mass index, history of knee injury, and baseline physical activity scale for the elderly, Western Ontario and McMaster (WOMAC) total score, and radiographic Kellgren and Lawrence (KL) score. Results: History of arthroscopy was associated with risk of KR after adjustments for the mentioned determinants of OA (HR: 1.90 (1.49–2.44); P value <0.001). Female gender (HR: 1.86 (1.30–2.68); P value <0.001), higher WOMAC (HR: 1.02 (1.01–1.03); P value <0.001), and KL score (HR: 2.64 (2.08–3.35); P value <0.001) increased the risk of KR among subjects with a history of arthroscopy. Subjects with a history of knee injury had 50 % lower risk of KR (HR: 0.50 (0.35–0.72); P value <0.001) after arthroscopy. Conclusion: Female gender, more clinical symptoms and radiographic signs of OA, was associated with higher risk of future KR in subjects with a history of arthroscopy. Subjects with arthroscopy in the setting of concomitant knee injury were 50 % less likely to undergo KR compared to subjects who underwent arthroscopy without a history of concomitant knee injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)665-670
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Keywords

  • Arthroscopy
  • Cohort study
  • Knee
  • Knee replacement
  • Osteoarthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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