Determinants of age-specific undernutrition in children aged less than 2 years—the Bangladesh context

Nuzhat Choudhury, Mohammad Jyoti Raihan, Sabiha Sultana, Zeba Mahmud, Fahmida Dil Farzana, Md Ahshanul Haque, Ahmed Shafiqur Rahman, Jillian L. Waid, Ahmed Mushtaque Raza Chowdhury, Robert E. Black, Tahmeed Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Globally, undernutrition affects nearly half of all children aged less than 5 years. It is more prominent in low- and middle-income countries. This study aimed to identify the age-specific risk factors for different categories of undernutrition among Bangladeshi children aged less than 2 years. Data of 10,291 children aged less than 2 years were collected between October 2011 to November 2013 through the Food Security Nutritional Surveillance Project in Bangladesh. Simple logistic regression established bivariate relationships between the categories of undernutrition and the relevant risk factors. Multiple logistic regression constructed the age-specific regression models depicting the independent association and effect size of the risk factors contributing to the various categories of undernutrition among study population. Stunting was prevalent among 30.9% of the study children, whereas 9.7% were wasted and 24.9% were underweight. Being a male child, increase in age, maternal body mass index and education, and household food insecurity were the strongest predictors for all categories of undernutrition in terms of effect size. Our study shows that the different categories of childhood undernutrition have different age-specific risk factors. Maternal body mass index and household food insecurity were the common age-specific risk factors for all categories of undernutrition. We expect our findings to enhance the existing evidence base for the risk factors of undernutrition among children aged less than 2 years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere12362
JournalMaternal and Child Nutrition
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2017


  • Bangladesh
  • food insecurity
  • stunting
  • undernutrition
  • underweight
  • wasting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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