Detection of NAD: arginine ADPribosyltransferases in animal tissues using 125I-labeled 1-(p-hydroxyphenyl) 2-guanidinoethane as ADPribose acceptor

Paul A. Watkins, David A. Yost, Anne W. Chang, John J. Mekalanos, Joel Moss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

125I-labeled 1-(p-hydroxyphenyl) 2-guanidinoethane (N-guanyltyramine), previously used to assay for the bacterial toxin choleragen (Mekalanos, J.J., Collier, R.J. And Romig, W.R. (1979) J. Biol. Chem. 254, 5894-5854) was utilized to identify NAD: arginine ADPribosyltransferases in animal tissues. The use of this radiolabelled ADPribose acceptor, rather than radiolabelled NAD, would bypass the problem posed by the almost ubiquitous presence of enzymes that degrade NAD. With a homogeneous ADPribosyltransferase from turkey erythrocytes, NAD and 125I-labelled guanyltyramine as ADPribose acceptor, formation of ADPribosyl 125-I-guanyltyramine was linear with time and enzyme concentration. The product was distinguishable on both thin-layer and high-performance liquid chromatography from that formed by cholerangen. Using 125I-guanyltyramine, ADPribosyltransferase acitivity was also demonstrated in crude turkey erythrocyte cytosolic and membrane fractions. When rat liver was fractioned, apparent activity was detected primarily in the microsomes. The NAD-dependent product of the microsomal reaction was, however, distinguished from the turkey erythrocyte transferase by thin-layer and DEAE-Sephadex chromatography; this product had a retention time identical to that of free 125I on high-performance liquid chromatography. In addition to NAD, the microsomal deiodinase activity was supported by NADH, NADP and NADPH. Phenyl boronate selectively bound ADPribosyl 125I-guanyltyramine and other metabolites of 125I-guanyltyramine which were formed by microsomes in a NAD-dependent process. These metabolites were distinguished from ADPribosyl 125I-guanyltyramine by high-performance liquid chromatography. These results indicate that in some cases, for example, turkey erythrocyte cytosolic and membrane fractions, 125I-guanyltyramine can be used to quantify ADPribosyltransferases in crude mixtures, whereas in others, for example, rat liver microsomes, high-performance liquid chromatographic analysis must be used to identify products.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-408
Number of pages8
JournalBBA - General Subjects
Volume840
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 5 1985
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ADPribose acceptor
  • ADPribosyl transferase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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