Detection of lymph node involvement in hematologic malignancies using micromagnetic resonance lymphangiography with a gadolinum-labeled dendrimer nanoparticle

Hisataka Kobayashi, Satomi Kawamoto, Martin W. Brechbiel, Marcelino Bernardo, Noriko Sato, Thomas A. Waldmann, Yutaka Tagaya, Peter L. Choyke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Animal models of lymphoma should reflect their counterparts in humans; however, it can be difficult to ascertain whether an induced disease is intralymphatic or extralymphatic based on direct visualization. Current imaging methods are insufficient for identifying lymphatic and intralymphatic involvement. To differentiate intralymphatic from extralymphatic involvement, we have developed a magnetic resonance imaging-based lymphangiography method and tested it on two animal models of lymphoma. A gadolinium (Gd)-labeled dendrimer nanoparticle (generation-6; ∼220 kDa/∼10 nm) was injected interstitially into mice bearing hematologic malignancies to perform dynamic micromagnetic resonance lymphangiography (micro-MRL). Both a standard T1-weighted 3D fast spoiled gradient echo and a T2/T1-weighted 3D fast imaging employing steady-state acquisition (3D-FIESTA-C) were compared in an imaging study to differentiate intralymphatic from extralymphatic involvement of tumors. The lymphatics and lymph nodes were visualized with both methods in all cases. In addition, 3D-FIESTA-C depicted both the lymphatic system and the extralymphatic tumor. In an animal model, 3D-FIESTA-C demonstrated that the bulk of the tumor thought to be intralymphatic was actually extralymphatic. In conclusion, micro-MRL, using Gd-labeled dendrimer nanoparticles with the combined method, can define both the normal and abnormal lymphatics and can distinguish intralymphatic from extralymphatic diseases in mouse models of malignant lymphoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)984-991
Number of pages8
JournalNeoplasia
Volume7
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2005

Keywords

  • Lymph node
  • Lymphatic flow
  • MRI
  • Malignant lymphoma
  • Nanoparticle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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