Detection of gastric slow wave propagation from the cutaneous electrogastrogram

J. D.Z. Chen, Xiaoping Zou, Xuemei Lin, Shou Ouyang, Jie Liang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The gastric slow wave is originated in the proximal stomach and propagates distally toward the pylorus. It determines the maximum frequency and propagation of gastric contractions. The aim of this study was to detect the propagation of the gastric slow wave from the surface electrogastrogram (EGG). The study was performed in 11 healthy subjects of normal weight. Gastric myoelectrical activity was recorded for 1 h in the fasting state with the use of a specially designed multichannel recording device that was composed of four identical amplifiers with cutoff frequencies of 1.8 and 16.0 cycles/min. Four active electrodes were placed on the abdomen along the gastric axis and were connected to a common reference electrode placed near the xiphoid process, yielding four-channel bipolar EGG signals. Cross- covariance analysis was performed to compute the time lag among the four channels. There was a time lag in EGG waveform between channels 1 and 4 (9.6 ± 1.1 s); the average time during which the time lag was observed (≥3 s) was 89.9 ± 9.0%. There was a significant difference in the time lag among different adjacent channels (P < 0.04); the time lag observed between channels 3 and 4 was significantly smaller than that between channels 1 and 2 (P < 0.03). No correlation was found between the body mass index and the time lag between channels 1 and 4 (r = -0.31, P = 0.3). It was concluded that, with a multichannel recording device with identical multiamplifiers and an appropriate arrangement of abdominal electrodes, the propagation of the gastric slow wave could be identified from the EGG in healthy subjects. This method may be used to detect the coupling of the gastric slow wave noninvasively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)G424-G430
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume277
Issue number2 40-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Electrogastrography
  • Gastric emptying stomach
  • Gastric motility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)

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