JAK2 V617F is the most frequently found somatic mutation in polycythemia vera (PV). Among the cases negative for V617F, a significant fraction have a mutation in exon 12 of the JAK2 gene. Several groups have reported that the exon 12 mutations are present in only a small fraction of the blood cells in some patients. We have developed an assay to detect these mutations with an analytical sensitivity of 0.1% by using a "PCR clamp" to inhibit amplification of the normal sequence and enhance amplification of DNA containing a mutation in the clamp target sequence. The products of this reaction were analyzed by capillary electrophoresis to detect deletions, which are the most frequent type of exon 12 mutations, or by nucleotide sequencing to detect all of the mutations. In a survey of 34 specimens from patients with PV or idiopathic erythrocytosis who did not have a JAK2 V617F mutation, we found four with a mutation in exon 12, 3 of 10 with PV, and 1 of 24 with idiopathic erythrocytosis. In two cases the mutation was present in a small fraction of the cells and difficult to detect without the use of the clamp. The use of an assay with increased analytical sensitivity enhances the ability to identify patients with mutations in exon 12 of the JAK2 gene.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Molecular Medicine