Detection of animal and human group B rotaviruses in fecal specimens by polymerase chain reaction

J. J. Eiden, J. Wilde, F. Firoozmand, R. Yolken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A combined reverse transcriptase reaction-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was developed to achieve the sensitive detection of group B rotaviruses (GBR). Sequences derived from genomic segment 3 of the IDIR (intestinal disease of infant rats) strain of GBR permitted the detection of ≥0.08 pg of purified IDIR genomic RNA (4,000 genome copies). Primers complementary to the terminal sequences of gene 11 of GBR strain ADRV (adult diarrhea rotavirus) allowed for the detection of as little as 0.008 pg of purified ADRV genomic RNA. Detection of heterologous strains of GBR was also observed with these primer pairs. IDIR gene 3 primers recognized ≥8 pg of RNA from bovine GBR obtained from a variety of geographic locations. RNA from IDIR, but not bovine GBR, strains was detected by means of RT-PCR with ADRV gene 11 primers. Neither set of GBR primers was reactive in RT-PCR with fecal specimens containing group A rotaviruses or fecal specimens from uninfected controls. This RT-PCR assay permits the sensitive and specific detection of a variety of GBR in fecal specimens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)539-543
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of clinical microbiology
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)

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