Monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) produced against determinants A and B of the human ABO blood group system and against the Lea and Leb determinants of the Lewis (Le) blood group system detected these determinants on molecules released by cultured cells of human colorectal, gastric and/or pancreatic carcinoma (Ca) but not by a variety of other cells maintained in culture. Circulating Le antigen could be demonstrated in sera of patients by inhibiting the binding of MoAbs to a target preparation. A double determinant radioimmunoassay (DDIA) was then developed to detect the association of blood group determinants with a previously defined gastrointestinal cancer antigen (GICA). The DDIA with the anti-blood group and anti-blood group and anti-GICA antibody was in some cases more sensitive in detecting GICA in sera than using the anti-GICA MoAb alone. Of 55 sera from patients with primary and early recurrent colorectal carcinoma (CRC), 10 (18%) were scored positive in the DDIA using only anti-GICA MoAb. When MoAb binding to a determinant on Leb and on H, type I, was used as first antibody in DDIA followed by anti-GICA MoAb 11 additional sera were reactive, increasing the percentage of positive sera to 38. Using the same combinations of MoAbs, the sensitivity of detection of GICA was only slightly improved from 63 to 66% in sera of patients with advanced CRC. The number of false positive sera from patients with non-malignant gastrointestinal diseases or from healthy donors remained at low levels when anti-blood group determinant antibodies were used together with anti-GICA MoAb. The results indicate that DDIAs with MoAbs against different blood group determinants and tumour associated antigens can improve the detection of circulating antigens in patients with early stage cancer.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Immunology|
|State||Published - 1984|
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