Detecting volumetric changes in fMRI connectivity networks in schizophrenia patients

Mohammad R. Arbabshirani, Marios S. Pattichis, Alvaro Ulloa, Vince D. Calhoun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

There is a growing interest in identifying neuroimaging-based biomarkers for schizophrenia. Previous studies have shown both functional and structural brain abnormalities in schizophrenia patients. One main category of these findings consists of volumetric abnormalities in brain structure in different cortical and subcortical structures in patients' brain. However there has been little work investigating changes in the brain's functional volumes. Nor has there been work studying differences in brain networks as opposed to single regions. In this study, we investigated the volumes of functional networks as potential biomarkers. Independent component analysis was used to decompose fMRI images into maximally independent spatial maps and corresponding time-courses. Volume of functional networks was computed from subject-specific back reconstructed spatial maps. The results show that different nodes of the default-mode network exhibit volumetric abnormalities in schizophrenia patients. Interestingly these networks are larger in patients compared to controls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages726-729
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781424479290
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014 - Chicago, United States
Duration: Aug 26 2014Aug 30 2014

Publication series

Name2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014

Other

Other2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014
CountryUnited States
CityChicago
Period8/26/148/30/14

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Arbabshirani, M. R., Pattichis, M. S., Ulloa, A., & Calhoun, V. D. (2014). Detecting volumetric changes in fMRI connectivity networks in schizophrenia patients. In 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014 (pp. 726-729). [6943693] (2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2014.6943693