Detecting and monitoring human leukocyte antigen-specific antibodies

Andrea A. Zachary, M. Sue Leffell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


Renewed awareness of the relevance of HLA-specific antibodies to transplantation and the development of protocols to reduce or eliminate sensitization have made monitoring of antibodies and accurate interpretation of test results increasingly important. Here we review the various tests available and provide guidelines for the development of monitoring protocols.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)591-604
Number of pages14
JournalHuman Immunology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2008


  • Antibody monitoring
  • HLA antibodies
  • Solid phase immunoassays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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