Designing and conducting simulation-based research

Adam Cheng, Marc Auerbach, Elizabeth Hunt, Todd P. Chang, Martin Pusic, Vinay Nadkarni, David Kessler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

As simulation is increasingly used to study questions pertaining to pediatrics, it is important that investigators use rigorous methods to conduct their research. In this article, we discuss several important aspects of conducting simulation-based research in pediatrics. First, we describe, from a pediatric perspective, the 2 main types of simulation-based research: (1) studies that assess the efficacy of simulation as a training methodology and (2) studies where simulation is used as an investigative methodology. We provide a framework to help structure research questions for each type of research and describe illustrative examples of published research in pediatrics using these 2 frameworks. Second, we highlight the benefits of simulation-based research and how these apply to pediatrics. Third, we describe simulation-specific confounding variables that serve as threats to the internal validity of simulation studies and offer strategies to mitigate these confounders. Finally, we discuss the various types of outcome measures available for simulation research and offer a list of validated pediatric assessment tools that can be used in future simulation-based studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1091-1101
Number of pages11
JournalPediatrics
Volume133
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2014

Fingerprint

Pediatrics
Research
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Conducting
Simulation
Research Personnel
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Methodology

Keywords

  • Education
  • Pediatric
  • Research
  • Simulation
  • Study design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Cheng, A., Auerbach, M., Hunt, E., Chang, T. P., Pusic, M., Nadkarni, V., & Kessler, D. (2014). Designing and conducting simulation-based research. Pediatrics, 133(6), 1091-1101. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2013-3267

Designing and conducting simulation-based research. / Cheng, Adam; Auerbach, Marc; Hunt, Elizabeth; Chang, Todd P.; Pusic, Martin; Nadkarni, Vinay; Kessler, David.

In: Pediatrics, Vol. 133, No. 6, 01.06.2014, p. 1091-1101.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cheng, A, Auerbach, M, Hunt, E, Chang, TP, Pusic, M, Nadkarni, V & Kessler, D 2014, 'Designing and conducting simulation-based research', Pediatrics, vol. 133, no. 6, pp. 1091-1101. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2013-3267
Cheng A, Auerbach M, Hunt E, Chang TP, Pusic M, Nadkarni V et al. Designing and conducting simulation-based research. Pediatrics. 2014 Jun 1;133(6):1091-1101. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2013-3267
Cheng, Adam ; Auerbach, Marc ; Hunt, Elizabeth ; Chang, Todd P. ; Pusic, Martin ; Nadkarni, Vinay ; Kessler, David. / Designing and conducting simulation-based research. In: Pediatrics. 2014 ; Vol. 133, No. 6. pp. 1091-1101.
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