Design, Synthesis, and Evaluation of Dasatinib–Amino Acid and Dasatinib–Fatty Acid Conjugates as Protein Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors

Rakesh K. Tiwari, Alex Brown, Neda Sadeghiani, Amir Nasrolahi Shirazi, Jared Bolton, Amanda Tse, Gennady Verkhivker, Keykavous Parang, Gongqin Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Derivatives of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor dasatinib were synthesized by esterification with 25 carboxylic acids, including amino acids and fatty acids, thereby extending the drug to interact with more diverse sites and to improve specificity. The dasatinib–l-arginine derivative (Das-R, 7) was found to be the most potent of the inhibitors tested, with IC50 values of 4.4, <0.25, and <0.45 nm against Csk, Src, and Abl kinases, respectively. The highest selectivity ratio obtained in our study, 91.4 Csk/Src, belonged to compound 18 (Das-C10) with an IC50 value of 3.2 μm for Csk compared with 35 nm for Src. Furthermore, many compounds displayed increased selectivity toward Src over Abl. Compounds 15 (Das–glutamic acid) and 13 (Das–cysteine) demonstrated the largest gains (10.2 and 10.3 Abl/Src IC50 ratios). Das-R (IC50=2.06 μm) was significantly more potent than the parent dasatinib (IC50=26.3 μm) against Panc-1 cells, whereas both compounds showed IC50<51.2 pm against BV-173 and K562 cells. Molecular modeling and binding free energy simulations revealed good agreements with the experimental results and rationalized the differences in selectivity among the studied compounds. Integration of experimental and computational approaches in the design and biochemical screening of dasatinib derivatives facilitated rational engineering and diversification of the dasatinib scaffold, providing useful insight into mechanisms of kinase selectivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)86-99
Number of pages14
JournalChemMedChem
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 5 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • amino acids
  • dasatinib
  • fatty acids
  • inhibitors
  • tyrosine kinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Organic Chemistry

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