Design and evaluation of a workplace intervention to promote organ donation

Michael T. Quinn, G. Caleb Alexander, Diane Hollingsworth, Kate Grubbs O'Connor, David Meltzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background-A number of efforts have been made to improve rates of deceased organ donation. However, few have been specifically designed for implementation in the workplace.Objectives-To design and evaluate a workplace intervention to increase documentation of intention to be posthumous organ donors, communication of donation intention to families, and family members' documentation of their donation intentions.Methods-The study was a randomized controlled trial of corporate employees. Within each corporation, worksites were randomized to a control condition or 1 of 2 educational interventions. Measures included baseline and 1-month postintervention measures of stage of organ donation intention, stage of family notification, and family members' organ donation intention.Results-Across 12 corporations, 40 worksites with a total of 754 participants were randomized. At 1-month follow-up, 495 participants (66%) completed a posttreatment questionnaire. The percentage of participants who signed organ donor cards increased in the 2 intervention groups (29%, P<.001, and 31%, P < .002) but not in the control group (17%, P = .454). The percentage who discussed their donation intentions with family members increased significantly across all 3 arms (39%-47%, P < .001). The mean percentage of participants' family members who signed organ donor cards increased by 14% in the control group (P = .016) and by 17% in the 2 intervention groups (P < .001).Conclusions-Educational interventions in the corporate workplace setting can be effective in increasing organ donation intention, family notification, and recruitment of family members as potential organ donors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-259
Number of pages7
JournalProgress in Transplantation
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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