Description of particle size, distribution, and behavior of talc preparations commercially available within the United States

Christopher R. Gilbert, Benjamin R. Furman, David Feller-Kopman, Philippe Haouzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Widespread use of talc pleurodesis remains controversial for many providers concerned by adverse events such as respiratory failure, which are sometimes fatal. Particle talc size has been implicated in these adverse effects, mainly on the basis of animal studies utilizing large amounts of talc or in observational studies performed on different continents with different talc preparations and doses. Our aim was to determine the particle size and distribution of only the commercially available US-talc preparations and whether the fluid content can affect this distribution. Methods: Commercially available US talc was evaluated under scanning electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering (DLS). Distribution of talc particle size was obtained in saline and various protein-based solutions. Results: Talc particle size by DLS was performed with commercially available Sterile Talc Powder and Sclerosol Intrapleural Aerosol. Sterile Talc Powder demonstrated a median diameter of 26.57 lm with a range of particle sizes from 0.399 lm to 100.237 lm. Sclerosol demonstrated a median diameter of 24.49 lm with a range of particle sizes from 0.224 lm to 100.237 lm. The exposure of talc to a protein rich environment (bovine serum albumin and human pleural fluid) led to the development of measureable, new, larger aggregated particle (> 100 lm). Conclusions: Currently available US talc seems to have size characteristics similar to previous described “graded” talc preparations. The exposure of talc to a protein rich environment seems to modify the overall distribution of talc particle size when examined by DLS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Chemical pleurodesis
  • Pleurodesis
  • Talc adverse effects
  • Talc pleurodesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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