Studies of a unique clone of skin fibroblasts from a normal 46 XX female reveal that the G6PD locus on the inactive X chromosome has been derepressed. The reactivation event occurs spontaneously, and is associated with normal karyotype, including the presence of a late-replicating X chromosome. Analysis of mouse-human hybrids with the relevant chromosome provides evidence that the derepressed locus is on the inactive X, and that reactivation is not extensive (the PGK locus is not derepressed). Nor is any general change in DNA methylation of this chromosome detectable with Hpa II and an X-specific DNA probe. Studies of the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase phenotype in these heterozygous cells indicate that the reactivated X produces only half the enzyme subunits as are produced by the active X. Although this dosage difference may be related to the mutational event responsible for derepression of the locus, these observations along with other evidence suggest that loci on the inactive X, when expressed, have less activity than corresponding loci on the active X.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)