Depressive symptoms and readiness to quit smoking among cigarette smokers in outpatient alcohol treatment

Brian Hitsman, David B. Abrams, Karen M. Emmons, William G. Shadel, Raymond Niaura, Belinda Borrelli, Richard A. Brown, Robert M. Swift, Peter M. Monti, Damaris J. Rohsenow, Suzanne M. Colby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The authors examined whether length of alcohol abstinence and depressive symptoms were related to motivational readiness to consider smoking cessation among patients in alcohol treatment. Participants were adults (N = 253) enrolled in a smoking cessation trial. Controlling for gender, depressive symptoms, and nicotine dependence, hierarchical regression analysis of readiness scores revealed a significant interaction of days since last drink and depressive symptoms. It was found that a greater number of days since last drink was associated with greater readiness, but only among patients with low scores on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (L. S. Radloff, 1977). The findings suggest that alcoholic smokers with low depressive symptoms are more receptive to quitting smoking after sustained alcohol abstinence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)264-268
Number of pages5
JournalPsychology of Addictive Behaviors
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Hitsman, B., Abrams, D. B., Emmons, K. M., Shadel, W. G., Niaura, R., Borrelli, B., Brown, R. A., Swift, R. M., Monti, P. M., Rohsenow, D. J., & Colby, S. M. (2002). Depressive symptoms and readiness to quit smoking among cigarette smokers in outpatient alcohol treatment. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 16(3), 264-268. https://doi.org/10.1037/0893-164X.16.3.264