Depressive symptoms and impaired physical function after acute lung injury: A 2-year longitudinal study

Oscar J. Bienvenu, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Pedro A. Mendez-Tellez, Victor D. Dinglas, Carl Shanholtz, Nadia Husain, Cheryl R. Dennison, Margaret S. Herridge, Peter J. Pronovost, Dale M. Needham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

146 Scopus citations


Rationale: Survivors of acute lung injury (ALI) frequently have substantial depressive symptoms and physical impairment, but the longitudinal epidemiology of these conditions remains unclear. Objectives: To evaluate the 2-year incidence and duration of depressive symptoms and physical impairment after ALI, as well as risk factors for these conditions. Methods: This prospective, longitudinal cohort study recruited patients from 13 intensive care units (ICUs) in four hospitals, with follow-up 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after ALI. The outcomes were Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale depression score greater than or equal to 8 ("depressive symptoms") in patients without a history of depression before ALI, and two or more dependencies in instrumental activities of daily living ("impaired physical function") in patients without baseline impairment. Measurements and Main Results: During 2-year follow-up of 186 ALI survivors, the cumulative incidences of depressive symptoms and impaired physical functionwere 40 and 66%, respectively,with greatest incidence by 3-month follow-up; modal durations were greater than 21 months for each outcome. Risk factors for incident depressive symptoms were education 12 years or less, baseline disability or unemployment, higher baseline medical comorbidity, and lower blood glucose in the ICU. Risk factors for incident impaired physical function were longer ICU stay and prior depressive symptoms. Conclusions: Incident depressive symptoms and impaired physical function are common and long-lasting during the first 2 years after ALI. Interventions targeting potentially modifiable risk factors (e.g., substantial depressive symptoms in early recovery) should be evaluated to improve ALI survivors' long-term outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)517-524
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 1 2012


  • Acute lung injury
  • Critical care
  • Critical illness
  • Depression
  • Recovery of function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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