Depressive symptomatology among Namibian adolescent refugees

Olive Shisana, David D Celentano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Symptoms of depression have been considered rare in sub-Saharan populations. Using a standard assessment measure of depressive symptomatology, the Beck Depression Inventory, the prevalence of symptoms of depression was obtained from a group (N = 56) of Namibian refugees residing in a sub-Saharan host country. Contrary to expectations, the rates of self-reported symptoms were quite frequent, with many symptoms reported as moderate or severe by a large proportion of these youths. Using a stress model to explore these data, it was demonstrated that social support ameliorated the effects of chronic stress, as represented by the length of time in exile. It is argued that adaptation, acculturation, and adolescent developmental demands result in self-reports of depressive symptoms. These demands, however, are lessened in intensity by a strong social support system that is especially helpful early in the exile period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1251-1257
Number of pages7
JournalSocial Science and Medicine
Volume21
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985

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Refugees
refugee
exile
Depression
adolescent
social support
Social Support
acculturation
Acculturation
Self Report
subpopulation
Equipment and Supplies
Group
Population
Exile
Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Development
  • Health(social science)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Depressive symptomatology among Namibian adolescent refugees. / Shisana, Olive; Celentano, David D.

In: Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 21, No. 11, 1985, p. 1251-1257.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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