Depression and Mood Indicators in Newly Diagnosed Glaucoma Patients

Henry D. Jampel, Kevin D. Frick, Nancy K. Janz, Patricia A. Wren, David C. Musch, Rajiv Rimal, Paul R. Lichter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To assess depression and mood indicators in subjects newly diagnosed with chronic open-angle glaucoma. Design: Cross-sectional study of data from a randomized clinical trial. Methods: Newly-diagnosed glaucoma patients enrolled in the Collaborative Initial Glaucoma Treatment Study (CIGTS) responded at baseline to quality-of-life (QOL) telephone interviews. We studied responses to the 33-item Visual Activities Questionnaire (VAQ), six items from a disease-specific Health Perceptions Index (HPI), and eight questions from the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). We correlated the responses to the HPI and the CES-D with visual acuity (VA) and CIGTS visual field (VF) as well as to the responses to the VAQ. Results: VAQ score was correlated (P < .01 in all cases) with better VA (P = -0.181), better VF (P = 0.139), worse VA (P = -0.128), and worse VF (P = .120). There were also correlations (P ranging from .24 to .38, all P values ≤ .001) between patients' perception of their vision (total VAQ score) and each item on the HPI and CES-D. None of the clinical vision measures were associated with any of the CES-D items. The strongest correlation between a clinical measure and an item from the HPI was between worse VF and worry about the possibility of blindness (P = -0.114, P = .005). The odds ratio of reporting mood indicators and symptoms of depression increased with patients' perceptions of worsening visual function but not worsening VA or VF. Conclusions: In these newly diagnosed glaucoma patients, symptoms of depression and altered mood were related to worse self-reported visual function as assessed by the VAQ, but not to monocular clinical measures of visual function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)238-244.e1
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
Volume144
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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