Depression and its relationship to function and medical status, by dementia status, in nursing home admissions

Bruce A. Kaup, David Loreck, Ann L. Gruber-Baldini, Pearl German, A. S. Menon, Sheryl Zimmerman, Lynda Burton, Jay Magaziner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:: To determine rates of depression by dementia status in a statewide sample of nursing home admissions, and associations with medical comorbidity and physical functioning. METHODS:: Trained interviewers obtained information from nursing home residents, staff, significant others, and medical records. RESULTS:: A total of 22.3% were classified depressed in the nondemented status and 23.6% in the demented status. Depression status was significantly associated with more physical dependencies regardless of dementia status. In the nondemented, there was also a significant positive association with number of comorbidities. One interaction, dementia with comorbidity at the highest levels of comorbidity, was significant in looking at association with depression. CONCLUSION:: There is significant depressive symptomatology in nursing home admissions, which is also associated with difficulty in physical function and with the number of medical comorbidities in the nondemented. Application of the two measures used in this study represents a strategy to assess depression in all nursing home residents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)438-442
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2007

Keywords

  • Comorbidity
  • Dementia
  • Depression
  • Nursing home

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Kaup, B. A., Loreck, D., Gruber-Baldini, A. L., German, P., Menon, A. S., Zimmerman, S., Burton, L., & Magaziner, J. (2007). Depression and its relationship to function and medical status, by dementia status, in nursing home admissions. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 15(5), 438-442. https://doi.org/10.1097/JGP.0b013e31803c54f7