Dependence of Β3-adrenergic signaling on the adipokine leptin in cardiac myocytes

J. E. Larson, P. P. Rainer, V. L. Watts, R. Yang, K. L. Miller, A. Phan, L. A. Barouch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Β3-Adrenergic receptors (Β3ARs) negatively regulate Β-adrenergic signaling via nitric oxide and are dependent on the adipokine leptin for normal expression in adipocytes, thus making Β3AR an attractive candidate for cross-talk with leptin in the heart. Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that cardiac Β3AR expression and function are dependent on leptin and are severely diminished in leptin-deficient ob/ob mice. Using isolated cardiac myocyte physiology studies, we found that Β3AR function was significantly diminished in ob/ob myocytes and in wild-type myocytes treated with leptin antagonist. This finding was supported by quantitative PCR demonstrating markedly decreased Β3AR mRNA levels in ob/ob mice. Both Β3AR mRNA and function were restored in ob/ob mice after in vivo leptin repletion. We propose that diminished Β3AR signaling may be the critical element to explain the direct effects of leptin on the myocardium and suggest that this work reveals a key feature in the role of leptin in obesity-related cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)876-879
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

Keywords

  • heart failure
  • hypertrophy
  • leptin
  • myocytes
  • β-adrenergic receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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