Deoxysphingolipid precursors indicate abnormal sphingolipid metabolism in individuals with primary and secondary disturbances of serine availability

C. R. Ferreira, S. M.I. Goorden, A. Soldatos, H. M. Byers, J. M.M. Ghauharali-van der Vlugt, F. S. Beers-Stet, C. Groden, C. D. van Karnebeek, W. A. Gahl, F. M. Vaz, X. Jiang, Hilary J Vernon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Patients with primary serine biosynthetic defects manifest with intellectual disability, microcephaly, ichthyosis, seizures and peripheral neuropathy. The underlying pathogenesis of peripheral neuropathy in these patients has not been elucidated, but could be related to a decrease in the availability of certain classical sphingolipids, or to an increase in atypical sphingolipids. Here, we show that patients with primary serine deficiency have a statistically significant elevation in specific atypical sphingolipids, namely deoxydihydroceramides of 18–22 carbons in acyl length. We also show that patients with aberrant plasma serine and alanine levels secondary to mitochondrial disorders also display peripheral neuropathy along with similar elevations of atypical sphingolipids. We hypothesize that the etiology of peripheral neuropathy in patients with primary mitochondrial disorders is related to this elevation of deoxysphingolipids, in turn caused by increased availability of alanine and decreased availability of serine. These findings could have important therapeutic implications for the management of these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMolecular Genetics and Metabolism
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Deoxydihydroceramide
  • Deoxysphingolipids
  • Serine biosynthesis defect
  • Serine deficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Endocrinology

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    Ferreira, C. R., Goorden, S. M. I., Soldatos, A., Byers, H. M., Ghauharali-van der Vlugt, J. M. M., Beers-Stet, F. S., Groden, C., van Karnebeek, C. D., Gahl, W. A., Vaz, F. M., Jiang, X., & Vernon, H. J. (Accepted/In press). Deoxysphingolipid precursors indicate abnormal sphingolipid metabolism in individuals with primary and secondary disturbances of serine availability. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymgme.2018.05.001