Denture use, malnutrition, frailty, and mortality among older women living in the community

Richard David Semba, C. S. Blaum, B. Bartali, Qian Li Xue, M. O. Ricks, J. M. Guralnik, Linda P Fried

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The relationships between denture use, malnutrition, frailty, and mortality in older women have not been well characterized. Objective: To determine whether women who use dentures and have difficulty chewing or swallowing are at higher risk of malnutrition, frailty, and mortality. Design: Cross-sectional and longitudinal study of 826 women, aged 70-79, from the Women's Health and Aging Studies, two population-based longitudinal studies of community-dwelling women in Baltimore, Maryland. At enrollment, data on frailty and self-reported denture use and difficulty chewing or swallowing that limited the ability to eat was collected, and plasma vitamins A, D, E, B6, and B12, carotenoids, folate, and albumin were measured. Results: 63.5% of women reported using dentures, of whom 11.6% reported difficulty chewing or swallowing food. Denture users with and without difficulty chewing or swallowing and those not using dentures had, respectively, geometric mean (95% Confidence Interval [C.I.]) total plasma carotenoid concentrations of 1.481 (1.302, 1.684), 1.616 (1.535, 1.700), and 1.840 (1.728, 1.958) μmol/L, respectively (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-167
Number of pages7
JournalThe journal of nutrition, health & aging
Volume10
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dentures
Malnutrition
malnutrition
Mastication
mastication
Deglutition
Mortality
Carotenoids
longitudinal studies
Longitudinal Studies
carotenoids
Independent Living
women's health
Baltimore
Women's Health
Vitamin A
Folic Acid
Vitamin D
cross-sectional studies
folic acid

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Carotenoids
  • Frailty
  • Mortality
  • Oral health
  • Vitamins
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Aging
  • Endocrinology
  • Food Science

Cite this

Denture use, malnutrition, frailty, and mortality among older women living in the community. / Semba, Richard David; Blaum, C. S.; Bartali, B.; Xue, Qian Li; Ricks, M. O.; Guralnik, J. M.; Fried, Linda P.

In: The journal of nutrition, health & aging, Vol. 10, No. 2, 2006, p. 161-167.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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