Dental, Vision, And Hearing Services: Access, Spending, And Coverage For Medicare Beneficiaries

Amber Willink, Nicholas S. Reed, Bonnielin Swenor, Leah Leinbach, Eva H. DuGoff, Karen Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Among Medicare beneficiaries, dental, vision, and hearing services could be characterized as high need, high cost, and low use. While Medicare does not cover most of these services, coverage has increased recently as a result of changes in state Medicaid programs and increased enrollment in Medicare Advantage (MA) plans, many of which offer these services as supplemental benefits. Using data from the 2016 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey, this analysis shows that MA plans are filling an important gap in dental, vision, and hearing coverage, particularly among low- and middle-income beneficiaries. In 2016 only 21 percent of beneficiaries in traditional Medicare had purchased a stand-alone dental plan, whereas 62 percent of MA enrollees were in plans with a dental benefit. Among Medicare beneficiaries with coverage overall, out-of-pocket expenses still made up 70 percent of dental spending, 62 percent of vision spending, and 79 percent of hearing spending. While Medicare beneficiaries are enrolling in private coverage options, they are not getting adequate financial protection. This article examines these findings in the context of recent proposals in Congress to expand Medicare coverage of dental, vision, and hearing services.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-304
Number of pages8
JournalHealth affairs (Project Hope)
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020

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Keywords

  • Access to care
  • Dental
  • Health policy
  • Hearing
  • Low income
  • Medicaid
  • Medicare
  • Medicare Advantage
  • Medicare savings programs
  • Out-of-pocket expenses
  • Traditional Medicare
  • Vision
  • older adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

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