Demonstration of opsonic and protective activity of human cord sera against type III group b streptococcus that are independent of type-specific antibody1

Kwang Sik Kim, Carol A. Wass, Jane K. Hong, Nelydia F. Concepcion, Bascom F. Anthony

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In an effort to further understand the host defense against group B streptococcus (GBS), we examined 71 human cord sera for their content of type III GBS IgG antibody by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and cor­related the results with opsonic and protective activity against type III GBS. Most cord sera (67%) containing >0.1 /ig/ml of type III GBS IgG antibody promoted phago­cytosis and killing in vitro and protection against type III GBS in neonatal rats. However, 26% of cord sera contain­ing <0.1 Mg/ml of type III IgG antibody exhibited similar activity in vitro and in vivo against type III GBS. This opsonic and protective activity was retained in IgG fraction of whole serum, and was not directly associated with com­plement activity or with fibronectin. Further studies are needed to understand the mechanisms responsible for the opsonic and protective activity of some cord sera against type III GBS that may be independent of antibody to the type-specific polysaccharide antigen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)628-632
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric research
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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