When consumed at sufficiently high levels, polyphenols may provide health benefits, which is linked to their antidiabetic, antiinflamatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antitumor, and hypolipidemic properties. Moreover, certain polyphenol combinations exhibit synergistic effects when delivered together - the combined polyphenols have a higher biological activity than the sum of the individual ones. However, the commercial application of polyphenols as nutraceuticals is currently limited because of their poor solubility characteristics; instability when exposed to light, heat, and alkaline conditions; and, low and inconsistent oral bioavailability. Colloidal delivery systems are being developed to overcome these challenges. In this article, we review the design, fabrication, and utilization of food-grade biopolymer-based delivery systems for the encapsulation of one or more polyphenols. In particular, we focus on the creation of delivery systems constructed from edible proteins and polysaccharides. The optimization of biopolymer-based delivery systems may lead to the development of innovative polyphenol-enriched functional foods that can improve human health and wellbeing.
- delivery systems
- multiple polyphenols
- protein-polysaccharide complexes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering