Delayed Gastric Emptying (DGE) Following Total Pancreatectomy with Islet Auto Transplantation in Patients with Chronic Pancreatitis

George K. John, Vikesh Singh, Pankaj Jay Pasricha, Amitasha Sinha, Elham Afghani, Daniel Warren, Zhao Li Sun, Niraj M Desai, Christi Walsh, Rita R. Kalyani, Erica Hall, Kenzo Hirose, Martin A Makary, Ellen Stein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The prevalence and factors associated with delayed gastric emptying (DGE) in patients undergoing total pancreatectomy with islet auto transplantation (TP-IAT) for chronic pancreatitis are unknown. Methods: A retrospective study of all patients who underwent TP-IAT at Johns Hopkins Hospital (JHH) from August 2011 to November 2014 was performed. The International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery (ISGPS) clinical grading of DGE was used in this study. Key Results: A total of 39 patients with chronic pancreatitis underwent TP-IAT during the study period. The prevalence of DGE following TP-IAT was 35.9 %. Twenty-five patients (64.1 %) had no DGE, 10 (25.6 %) had grade A, 2 (5.1 %) had grade B, and 2 patients (5.1 %) had grade C DGE. Patients with DGE had 5.7-fold higher odds of having a hospital length of stay (LOS) greater than 14 days (OR 5.70, 95 % CI 1.37–23.76, p = 0.02). Patients undergoing laparoscopic TP-IAT had significantly shorter LOS (10.5 vs. 14 days, p = 0.02) and lower need for prokinetics (0.01) during the postoperative course. Conclusions and Inferences: DGE is common after TP-IAT and can prolong LOS. Laparoscopic TP-IAT lowers LOS and need for prokinetics postoperatively. Further studies are needed to determine if laparoscopic approaches will improve long-term dysmotility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1256-1261
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Volume19
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - May 19 2015

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Chronic pancreatitis
  • DGE
  • TP-IAT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology

Cite this