BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Growth of the core infarct during the first hours of ischemia onset is not well-understood. We hypothesized that factors other than time from onset of ischemia contribute to core infarct volume as measured by MR imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospectively collected clinical and imaging data of consecutive patients with stroke presenting between March 2008 and April 2013 with anterior circulation large-vessel occlusion and MR imaging performed within 6 hours from the time of onset were reviewed. The association of time from onset, clinical, and radiographic features with DWI volume was assessed by using χ2 and Mann-Whitney U tests. RESULTS: Of 91 patients, 21 (23%) underwent MR imaging within 0-3 hours from onset, and 70 (76%), within 3-6 hours. Median MR imaging infarct volume was similar in both timeframes, (24.7 versus 29.4 mL, P = .906), and there was no difference in the proportion of patients with large infarct volumes (≥70 mL, 23.8% versus 22.8%, P = .928). Using receiver operating characteristic analysis, we detected no association between the time from onset and MR imaging infarct volume (area under the curve = 0.509). In multivariate analysis, CTA collaterals (>50% of the territory) (adjusted OR, 0.192; 95% CI, 0.04-0.9; P=.046), CTA ASPECTS (adjusted OR, 0.464; 95% CI, 0.3- 0.8; P= .003), and a history of hyperlipidemia (adjusted OR, 11.0; 95% CI, 1.4-88.0; P = .023) (but not time from stroke onset to imaging) were independent predictors of MR imaging infarct volume. CONCLUSIONS: Collateral status but not time from stroke onset to imaging was a predictor of the size of core infarct in patients with anterior circulation large-vessel occlusion presenting within 6 hours from onset.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology